The Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, which was passed by 125 lawmakers voted in the favour of the Citizenship Amendment Bill and 99 against it. Here is all you need to know about the CAB Bill.
What is the CAB bill?
Citizenship Amendment Act, 2019 of the parliament of India amended the citizenship act of 1955 providing a path to Indian citizenship for religious minorities from Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Afghanistan.
The intended religious minorities were explicitly listed as Hindu, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis, and Christians raising concerns that Muslims were being marginalized. Muslims are excluded from the bill.
The beneficiaries hand to have entered Indian on or before 31st December 2014 and should have faced religious persecution or fear of “religious persecution or fear of religious persecution “in their countries of origin. The act also relaxed residence requirement for naturalization from 11 years to 5 years for these migrants.
Citation of Act:
- Act no 47 of 2019 Enacted by Lok sabhaPassed: 10th December 2019
- Enacted by Rajya sabhaPassed: 11th December 2019
- Assented to: 12th December 2019
- Signed: 12th December 2019
- Signed by: Ram Nath Kovind President of India Legislative history The bill introduced in Lok sabha 2019.
- The bill was published on 9th December 2019 The bill was introduced by Amit shah( Home of Home Affairs).
- The bill was first to read on 9th December 2019
- Second reading 10th December 2019.
- Third reading 11th December 2019
Who gets Indian Citizenship?
The ruling Bharatiya Janata Party promised in its 2014 election manifesto to provide a natural home for persecuted Hindu refugees. The Citizenship (Amendment) Bill proposes to grant citizenship to the non-Muslims Hindus, Sikhs, Christians, Buddhists, Jains, and Parsis – from Afghanistan, Pakistan and Bangladesh who arrived in India before December 31, 2014.
The travels of such refugees have since been reported in the news India In 2015 the government passed orders legalizing such refugees irrespective of their long term visas.
Over 30000 migrants have availed of these facilities according to the intelligence Bureau, who are now expected to be the immediate beneficiaries of the amended citizenship Act.
The passage of the Act caused protests in India. Muslim groups and secular groups and secular groups have protest alleging religious discrimination.
The people of Assam and other northeastern states continue to protest fearing that the non-Muslim illegal immigrants in their religion would be allowed to stay.
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